The EU has started the process to withdraw Cambodia’s trade benefits under the “Everything But Arms arrangement, or EBA, which guarantees completely tariff-free access to the European market for all exports except for weapons and ammunition.”
The decision of other signatories to proceed with the JCPOA and the likelihood of a successful new trading arrangement sans US dollar could hurt the international position of the US dollar and the currency will be collateral damage to the current impasse.
The recent US trade retaliation against China is similar to that against Japan in the 1970s and 1980s. Japan’s economy was badly hit after the large appreciation of the Japanese yen as part of the measures to resolve the bilateral trade imbalance
In April 2018, it was revealed that Singapore has invested SGD 27 billion into the Chongqing Connectivity Initiative since the project broke ground in 2015. The four priority sectors are financial services, aviation, transportation and logistics, and ICT.
While addressing the opening of the Forum of China Africa Cooperation, Chinese President Xi Jinping sought to allay fears of not just African countries, but other countries which are part of the Belt and Road Initiative.
North Korea’s economy suffered a negative growth of 3.5 percent in 2017, its worst setback in a decade. The disagreement with the US over its denuclearization process could delay the lifting of sanctions, while China-US competition in the Korean Peninsula may add additional uncertainty.
The incoming Imran Khan government of Pakistan will ask the IMF for a USD 12 billion bailout package, highlighting the new economic reality facing some Belt and Road Initiative participating countries and the need to formulate new rules governing the program.
China used more than 45 percent of global semiconductor production, and it only makes 15 percent of worldwide semiconductors locally. The country ran a trade deficit of USD 193 billion in 2017 on semiconductor trade.