The US, China, India, Iran and Russia want stability in Afghanistan. But their roles in any peace parleys will be shaped by their own national or regional interests. What are their concerns? If they could agree on a strategy, could they open the door to a stable Afghanistan?
Bolton is an iconoclast and an extreme American nationalist. He believes that US sovereignty and freedom of action are wrongly constrained by international law, multilateral organizations and global treaties.
US President Donald Trump’s announcement of the pullout of 7,000 US troops from Afghanistan took both his allies and adversaries by surprise. It will change the calculus on the ground in Afghanistan with far-reaching consequences for regional peace and security.
On my first trip to Afghanistan which I had, so far, researched from distance, both the urgency of negotiations and the deteriorating security situation were palpable. One’s stay in Kabul is enough for one to realize that peace and stability are still a far cry for this country.
The unparalleled mix of the EU’s wish to have a complementary relationship with China, the priority it gives to trade, as well as the divisions within the Union that interrupt its common foreign policy, explain why it contributes little to Southeast Asian security.
It would certainly seem so. After years, nay decades, of refusal to talk to the Taliban, India sent its representatives to Moscow on November 9, 2018 to finally sit at the same table as the representatives of the militant organization at the “Moscow format.”
Following the Islamic State’s battlefield and territorial losses in the Middle East, its franchise in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region, the Islamic State of Khorasan, has emerged as the group’s most brutal iteration.
The US is incrementally increasing its frequency and type of FONOP in the South China Sea, so as to reassure its allies of its resolve and to put the onus on China to take the risk of conflict. Employing this tactic has negative implications for its standing in the region.
There are two major international peace efforts that are currently underway to restore peace and stability in Afghanistan: the recently galvanized American push for peace led by Zalmay Khalilzad and the year-old Moscow-led consultations.
Making the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) more than a buzzword, on 15 November 2018, leaders of Australia, India, Japan and the United States met on the sidelines of the 13th East Asian Summit in Singapore.