The Kamuina Nsapu rebellion in the Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo has rapidly emerged as one of the world’s major humanitarian crises. By late July 2017, the conflict had displaced 1.4 million people and led to over 3,000 deaths.
The Philippine city of Marawi was overrun by IS-linked insurgents in May 2017. The persistence of the insurgency has dragged out the battle with government forces. As of July 25, at least 453 militants, 109 government troops, and 45 civilians had been killed in the fighting.
Despite the agreement being in place for peaceful coexistence and respect for each other’s sovereignty, if their armies are standing eyeball-to-eyeball for whatever reasons, then China and India need to revisit the Panchsheel Agreement.
Joseph Bosco’s critique of China’s actions in the South China Sea, the Obama administration’s response and other issues raises the fundamental questions of the purpose and necessity of Freedom of Navigation Operations in the South China Sea.
The crime wave of the Badoo Gang in Lagos has in turn triggered a wave of reprisal killings by vigilante groups. The first crime attributed to the gang occurred last year with the rape and murder of a schoolteacher, whose “skull was smashed with a stone.”
US FONOPs in the South China Sea are controversial. Their targeting of China’s “excessive” claims there, their resumption under President Donald Trump, and China’s increasingly strident objections raise questions regarding their intent, effectiveness and necessity.
The US has asked China to step up their efforts in combating terrorism. It is leveraging on China’s own national interests in fighting terrorism as a self-motivated incentive for the Chinese government to ramp up its security efforts against terror groups.
Through a strategic doctrine of electronic and cyber warfare containment, it would be possible for certain strategically significant actors to contain North Korea, while other strategically significant actors simultaneously work toward a peaceful resolution to the issue.
A major concern for India is Pakistan’s involvement in the Saudi-led Islamic military coalition. After all, India had expended considerable political and diplomatic capital to isolate Pakistan for terror attacks emanating from its territory which target India and Indian interests.