The second Trump-Kim summit is likely the last window of opportunity for real progress in the North Korea denuclearization drama and also in establishing the basis for an incremental normalization of relations between Washington and Pyongyang.
US Chief of Naval Operations Admiral John Richardson met with senior Chinese military leaders in Beijing in January 2019. The discussions focused primarily on how to manage increasingly dangerous encounters between vessels and aircraft of the two navies.
Since President Rodrigo Duterte assumed office, Philippine relations with China have experienced a remarkable renaissance. Duterte’s accommodating policy towards the Chinese government has however caused increasing anxiety among the Filipino public.
There has recently been a resurgence of romantic proposals for a cooperative environmental protection regime in the Spratlys and the South China Sea as a confidence building precedent for cooperation on other more difficult matters.
Ahead of the second Trump-Kim summit, North Korea leader Kim Jong-un made a visit to Beijing between January 8-9, 2019. The North Koreans may be using this visit to pursue what Kim calls an “alternative path” in his New Year speech.
Bolton is an iconoclast and an extreme American nationalist. He believes that US sovereignty and freedom of action are wrongly constrained by international law, multilateral organizations and global treaties.
As Hong Kong orients itself towards the future, it needs to reinvigorate its collective consciousness. Its people must find the courage to admit to a new reality in its relations with the People’s Republic and find the voice to weave a new strategy and story that make sense.
The MOU between the Philippines and China is an important step for bilateral efforts towards the direction of expanding cooperation to marine resources development. It will also impact dispute management and peace and security in the South China Sea.
The US is incrementally increasing its frequency and type of FONOP in the South China Sea, so as to reassure its allies of its resolve and to put the onus on China to take the risk of conflict. Employing this tactic has negative implications for its standing in the region.