On December 30, 2013, the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms was established, representing the largest re-centralization of power in recent history, altering the power distribution at the top and changing way the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) operates. Three years have since lapsed and it is time to take a closer look at this powerful body.
The concept of soft power is advocating a sophisticated way of using hard power, involving use of persuasion, drawing on a country’s cultural and intellectual resources where possible and appropriate. It does not rule out the use of pressure and force.
The four general military headquarters, Staff, Politics, Logistics and Armament, constituted the superstructure of the PLA’s central command system. After the restructuring, these four departments now have to share this prestigious status with 11 newly-promoted agencies and commissions.
Into the fourth year of Xi Jinping’s first term as the Chinese Communist Party’s top leader, there are visible worries that the cult of personality that had made the Mao Zedong period a nightmare in Chinese politics is finding its way back.
Although Tsai may be different from Chen in terms of leadership style, the movement government’s role conflict dilemma may compel her administration to adopt strategies similar to the Chen administration.
A large country may not necessarily generate more soft power if it emphasizes hard power and does not take advantage of its potential soft power resources. The different political systems between China and India lead to distinct outcomes in their use of soft power.
China tends to see the US rebalancing strategy as the beginning of a Cold War-style containment. China may misunderstand it, but the US should introspect and review its China policies that formulate and reinforce such beliefs.
The Beijing Consensus is simply three theorems about how to organize the place of a developing country in the world. Just like the Washington Consensus, it contains many ideas that are not all about economics, but also about politics and the global balance of power.