Currently, Cambodia’s foreign policy faces significant challenges amid great power rivalry for regional influence. The high-level official defense visits between China and Cambodia highlight the strong cooperation which is widely seen to be at the expense of the US.
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has publicly declared that he is taking a hardline stance in law enforcement after Islamic radicals torched building structures and took human hostages in the southern city of Marawi.
In 1986, Vietnam instituted economic reforms known as Doi Moi. In 1995, former US President Bill Clinton normalized relations with Vietnam. With US support, Vietnam joined the World Trade Organization.
Some Cambodian scholars have commented that the country’s debt situation is manageable. However, one should take proactive measures to tackle the unpredictable backlash which could potentially derive from debt.
The most important area in which ASEAN can contribute is to bring about the ASEAN Community with cultures and historical backgrounds different from those of the European Union. The new global conditions present Southeast Asia with opportunities and challenges.
Some Cambodian political analysts have concluded that balancing between ASEAN and China on the contentious issue of the South China Sea is and will continue to be the most significant strategic challenge for Cambodia’s foreign policy in the 21st century.
In October 2016, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte visited China and Japan, two of the country’s important economic partners. His trips earned the Philippines millions of dollars’ worth of Chinese and Japanese loans and investments.
ASEAN celebrates its 50th anniversary this year and Cambodia celebrates its 18th birthday in ASEAN. What are the challenges Cambodia has to confront and what opportunities will this regional group bring to the country?
The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces has been rehabilitating physical infrastructure, building and repairing roads for communication and irrigation systems, demining, rescuing people during natural disasters and participating in international peacekeeping missions.