Xenophobia in Cambodia is a serious issue which should not be ignored or taken lightly. One example was a violent riot against Thai embassy and Thai businesses in Phnom Penh in 2003. This incident was obviously motivated by anti-Thai sentiments among Cambodians.
A very distinguished unofficial “task force” of US-China experts has issued a rather alarming report regarding the China threat to US security overall and in the South China Sea in particular. The group suggests that the US pressures China to comply with “global norms”.
After the EU threatened to remove its preferential trade deal in response to Phnom Penh’s perceived lack of commitment to improve its democracy and human rights situation, the country now faces a dilemma.
US Chief of Naval Operations Admiral John Richardson met with senior Chinese military leaders in Beijing in January 2019. The discussions focused primarily on how to manage increasingly dangerous encounters between vessels and aircraft of the two navies.
Since President Rodrigo Duterte assumed office, Philippine relations with China have experienced a remarkable renaissance. Duterte’s accommodating policy towards the Chinese government has however caused increasing anxiety among the Filipino public.
Following Cambodia’s national election in July 2018, there are a number of key challenges facing Prime Minister Hun Sen. He and his government need both internal and external political legitimacy to survive.
Singapore’s relations with China can be traced back to the precolonial period. Archeological digs have uncovered “Chinese glass beads and vessels, as well as the fragment of a rare porcelain pillow and a unique compass bowl,” suggesting “an exceptionally close relationship with China.”
The unparalleled mix of the EU’s wish to have a complementary relationship with China, the priority it gives to trade, as well as the divisions within the Union that interrupt its common foreign policy, explain why it contributes little to Southeast Asian security.