All eyes in the next few months will be on how former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will play his cards vis-à-vis the Pakistan army. If one were to look beyond the domestic ramifications, the first point which needs to be closely examined is how China has reacted to the instability.
The stilted evolution of democracy in Afghanistan has been further affected by the existence and proliferation of competing centers of power outside the scope of the constitution. Parallel structures of governance have impacted the overall democratic structure adversely.
In Pakistan, there have been very few efforts to address the continuous betrayal of the underprivileged segments of society. The current government is trying to mainstream minorities, and even that takes few bold steps in the age of social media and ripening sectarianism.
Ibrahim al-Jaafari, Iraq’s Foreign Minister, held a meeting with the Indian Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, testifying to the fact that oil is high on the India-Iraq agenda. Iraq, which has always been a major source of crude for India, is back again as India’s largest crude supplier.
The India-Japan Nuclear Deal came into force on July 20, 2017. With the deal, Japan can export nuclear power plant technology to India and help India with nuclear waste management. They can also jointly manufacture nuclear power plant equipment.
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has been entangled in the Panamagate scandal revealed on April 3, 2016. The eight offshore companies listed in the Panama Papers are linked to his family members, including a daughter, two sons, and the in-laws of his brother.
Despite the agreement being in place for peaceful coexistence and respect for each other’s sovereignty, if their armies are standing eyeball-to-eyeball for whatever reasons, then China and India need to revisit the Panchsheel Agreement.
In recent years, the downward spiral in Saudi-Iran relations, the worsening Syrian conflict, the Saudi-led war in Yemen, and the rise of new diplomatic rivalries between the Sunni Arab states have created new complications for Pakistan.
India and Japan have joined hands in engaging in economic diplomacy with Africa and the rest of Asia, with the goal of social and economic development of the developing countries in these two continents.