In recent years, the downward spiral in Saudi-Iran relations, the worsening Syrian conflict, the Saudi-led war in Yemen, and the rise of new diplomatic rivalries between the Sunni Arab states have created new complications for Pakistan.
India is formulating a new education policy to make the country a “knowledge superpower.” However, the results would not be achievable unless it lays an equal emphasis on corrective measures on the front of disposition, ethics, and professionalism.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Israel in July 2017, in a year which marks the 25th anniversary of Indian-Israeli ties, is probably amongst his most important so far. The India-Israel FTA may move forward during Modi’s visit.
A major concern for India is Pakistan’s involvement in the Saudi-led Islamic military coalition. After all, India had expended considerable political and diplomatic capital to isolate Pakistan for terror attacks emanating from its territory which target India and Indian interests.
In a surprising move on May 12, 2017, just a day before the opening of the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing, Nepal signed the framework agreement in Kathmandu. However, this has raised strategic apprehensions in India.
During the recent visit of US National Security Advisor Herbert McMaster to South Asia, he had stated that “the best way to pursue Pakistan’s interests in Afghanistan and elsewhere is through the use of diplomacy, and not through the use of proxies that engage in violence.”
India’s relationship with Iran is important for a myriad of economic and strategic reasons. Firstly, India is amongst the largest importers of oil, second after China, from Iran. Secondly, India is helping Iran in the development of Chabahar Port.
Although India and Turkey have enjoyed civilizational and geo-cultural relations since recorded history, the relations between both countries have been paralyzed due to the Pakistan factor in the post-colonial era.
With the completion of the power transition in Washington DC, the Trump administration is adopting a more assertive and muscular regional policy to fill the diplomatic void and power vacuum created in South Asia during the 2016 US presidential election.