China has achieved urbanization in about 30 years, a process that took the West more than a century. However, if we look closely, the journey has been perilous and quality has suffered, not to mention there are many uncertainties that abound in the urban landscape.
During King Salman’s visit to Beijing, a major Sino-Saudi investment agreement worth an estimated USD 65 billion was signed and it included “a plan for the kingdom to participate in China’s Chang’e-4 moon mission and a partnership agreement for manufacturing drones.”
Chinese governmental policies and actions facilitated the development of the VC market in order to encourage innovation and technological development, and to stimulate structural reforms of the economy.
A recent blog article in the Wall Street Journal reports the views of the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China that China’s latest industrial policy is a waste of the country’s resources and a challenge to the members of the Chamber.
International governance is a rising mainstream school of thought, which may replace realism/neo-realism and others as the primary paradigm in the study of international society. One of the best governance tools in our anarchic world is the international regime.
This initiative transfers previous state in-house production to government purchase-of-services, and enables social organizations to produce and deliver social services in several projects. In China, project-based and post-based purchases are two typical models.
It may be that Trump’s tête-à-tête with Xi was more important than simply the two leaders resolving the one-China issue. It included the two leaders inviting each other to visit their country. It seemed to represent détente following more than a month of hostile exchanges.
The Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference offers a platform for sectors like non-government organizations, minority groups, and special administrative regions to raise their opinions. One aspect that will draw the most attention will be the development of the One Belt One Road initiative.
Athough CPEC offers more opportunities to Pakistan given the global connectivity of trade and investment expanded by China, yet the major question is how Pakistan and China can bring this vision into reality keeping in view the changing geopolitics in the South Asian region.
Scholars have discovered that imperial China was neither uniquely benevolent nor uniquely violent. William A. Callahan criticizes the reconstruction as an “idealized version of a hierarchical Sinocentric world order with the Chinese empire at the core and loyal tributary states and barbarians at the periphery.”